What can we do to avoid the winter illnesses?
Eat a balanced diet
Your immune system is the body's defence mechanism against germs and bugs; a nutritious diet is integral to its effectiveness. You want enough vitamins and minerals, like vitamins A, C, D, and zinc, to ensure you can put up a good fight. In most cases, you can get these from a well-balanced diet, including fruit and vegetables, but when it comes to vitamin D, you may need a supplement during the winter months, as the primary source of this is sunlight on the skin.
Stay on top of your vaccines
The flu vaccine can help protect against the main types of flu viruses and protect those at risk of getting seriously ill. Those who are vulnerable can get the flu jab for free on the NHS, including anyone 65 and over. If you aren't in a vulnerable category, you can still pay to get the jab through your local chemist or pharmacy.
Wash your hands and clean regularly
Cold and flu can be transmitted through coughing and sneezing, with the droplets containing the germs landing on surfaces. If you touch those surfaces and then touch your face, you risk those germs entering your body. Protection starts with washing your hands with soap and water, using hand sanitiser, and probably the hardest of all, avoiding touching your face.
Avoid close contact with anyone who's showing symptoms
This one may sound simple and obvious, but if you go into the office and someone is coughing and sneezing, it's best not to be near them. Cold and flu are respiratory illnesses; close contact with that person will increase your risk of catching the germs. If you're the one coughing and sneezing, try staying home if possible. It'll help you recover while stopping the spread.
Try to keep warm
Ensure that your outfit is appropriate for the weather when going outside, and, if possible, heat your home to a comfortable temperature. Ideally, this is at least 18˚ C in your bedroom.