What causes the symptoms of endometriosis?
During your menstrual cycle, hormones produced by your ovaries cause the lining of your womb to become thickened and then, if you don’t get pregnant, the lining sheds. With endometriosis, tissue like that of your womb lining is present outside of your womb. This occurs most commonly in your pelvis. As you go through your menstrual cycle, this excess tissue responds to your body’s hormones in the same way as the womb lining and sheds. This tissue growth and subsequent bleeding can cause inflammation, pain and sometimes scarring.
If there is significant scarring from endometriosis (called adhesions) this can affect the organs inside your pelvis, such as the bladder or bowel by causing pain and discomfort.
Pain with endometriosis often disappears after the menopause, when the body stops producing oestrogen, however, in some cases symptoms may persist.